Tithi

Tithi is the day according to the Hindu lunar Calendar. The Hindu lunar calendar consists of a dark and a bright fortnight also called paksha. When the moon completes 12 degrees of its movement on the Sun, it is called a Tithi or Hindu lunar day. There are 30 tithis in a lunar month. Tithis belong to either Shukl paksh (the moon is waxing) or Krishna paksha (the moon is waning). There are several rituals and festivals associated with Tithis. Most of the festivals fall on the new moon day (amavsaya) or the full moon day (poornma). It should be noted that starting and ending of a Tithi depends upon the degree of the Moon from that of the Sun. Therefore a Tithi can start or end at any time in a day.

The Hindu Tithis are classified into five types:

1. Nanda Tithi – bestows happiness and joy
2. Bhadra Tithi - good stating new work
3. Jaya Tithi - good for winning over enemies
4. Rikta Tithi – not good for any important work, so it is avoided
5. Poorna Tithi – very good to complete all jobs

Shukla Paksha: 15 Tithis starting from New Moon to Full Moon (Poornima) constitute the Shukla Paksha.

Krishna Paksha: The 15 Tithis starting from the Full Moon to New Moon (Amavasya) form the Krishna paksha.


Festivals during Shukla Paksha


Day
Tithi
Festival
Month
1st Day
    Pratipada   
Bali Pratipada, Govardhan Puja
Kartik
2nd Day
    Dvitiya   
Bhaibeej
Kartik
3rd Day
    Tritiya   
Teej
Bhadrapad
3rd Day
    Tritiya  
Akshaya Tritiya
Vaishakha
4th Day
    Chaturthi  
Ganesh Chaturthi
Bhadrapada
4th Day
    Chaturthi  
Ganesh Jayanti
Magha
5th Day
    Panchami 
Nuakhai
Bhadrapad
5th Day
    Panchami  
Vivaha Panchami
Margashirsha
6th Day
    Shasthi  
Sitalsasthi
Jyestha
9th Day
    Navami  
Rama Navami
Chaitra
10th Day.
    Dasami  
Vijayadashami
Ashvin
11th Day
    Ekadasi  
Shayani Ekadashi
Asadha
11th Day
    Ekadashi  
Vaikunta Ekadashi
Margashirsha
14th Day
    Chaturdashi  
Samvatsari
Bhadrapada
15th Day (Full Moon)
    Poornima  
Guru Purnima
Ashada

 


Festivals during Krishna Paksha


Day
Tithi
Festival
Month
4th Day
    Chaturthi   
Karva Chauth
Kartik
8th Day
    Ashtami   
Krishna Janmashtami
Bhadrapada
11th Day
    Ekadasi   
Vaikunta Ekadasi
Margashirsha
13th Day
    Triodasi  
Dhanteras
Ashvin
14th Day
    Chaturdashi  
Maha Shivaratri
Maagha
14th Day
    Chaturdashi  
Naraka Chaturdashi (Diwali)
Ashvin



May God Bless you
Article by: Mr. Jayesh Dave
Date Write: 28 June, 2012