Karans

Half of Tithi is called `Karna'. A Karna is completed when the Nirayana longitude of the Moon gains every 6° on that of Sun. In each Tithi there are two Karans covering the two halves of the Tithi. There are 11 karnas in total. Four of them occur just once a month and are called the Fixed Karanas: Kintughna, Chatushpada, Sakuni and Naga. The other seven are movable Karanas. They follow one another in a fixed rotation: Bava, Balava, Kaulava, Taitila, Gara, Vanija and Vishti.

Karana represents half part of a lunar day (thithi). There are 15 lunar days and 11 karanas. Karanas change during the bright fortnight (Sukla paksha) and dark fortnight (Krishna paksha). 


Shukla Paksha


No.
Lunar Day
First Karana
Second Karana
1.
    Padyami    
Kimstughnam
Bava
2.
    Vidiya    
Balava
Koulava
3.
    Thadhiya    
Taitula
Gariji
4.
    Chavithi   
Vanaji
Bhadra (Vishti)
5.
    Panchami   
Bava
Balava
6.
    Sashti   
Koulava
Taitula
7.
    Sapthami  
Gariji
Vanaji
8.
    Ashtami   
Bhadra (Vishti)
Bava
9.
    Navami   
Balava
Koulava
10.
    Dasami   
Taitula
Gariji
11.
    Ekadasi   
Vanaji
Bhadra (Vishti)
12.
    Dwadasi   
Bava
Balava
13.
    Triyodasi   
Koulava
Taitula
14.
    Chaturdasi   
Gariji
Vanaji
15.
    Pournami   
Bhadra (Vishti)
Bava

 




















 


Krishna Paksha


No.
Lunar Day
First Karana
Second Karana
1.
    Padyami    
Balava
Koulava
2.
    Vidiya    
Taitula
Gariji
3.
    Thadhiya    
Vanaji
Bhadra (Vishti)
4.
    Chavithi   
Bava
Balava
5.
    Panchami   
Koulava
Taitula
6.
    Sashti   
Gariji
Vanaji
7.
    Sapthami  
Bhadra (Vishti)
Bava
8.
    Ashtami   
Balava
Koulava
9.
    Navami   
Taitula
Gariji
10.
    Dasami   
Vanaji
Bhadra (Vishti)
11.
    Ekadasi   
Bava
Balava
12.
    Dwadasi   
Koulava
Taitula
13.
    Triyodasi   
Gariji
Vanaji
14.
    Chaturdasi   
Bhadra (Vishti)
Sakuni
15.
    Amavasya   
Chatushpath
Nagavam

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




May God Bless you
Article by: Mr. Jayesh Dave
Date Write: 28 June, 2012